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衔市仍茸叛饰 缆刨劳扰 任吕 饰鸵攀岩 扔呐裳饰 巳遗欣矣雄 乱涡蚊 招捞 招妊胰劳咽紊 吓醒吓室嚷 耱囹 囗嚯桤桊箦蝰 铒桉囗桢 囡铌痂翳麇耜钽 噔妁囗 阮忄. 橡 铎 ...

义铍钽

..伢觐

老问腥匀着咽闻 缆刨劳扰 任吕

饰鸵攀岩 扔呐裳饰 巳遗欣矣雄 乱涡蚊

招捞 招妊胰劳咽紊 吓醒吓室嚷

耱囹 囗嚯桤桊箦蝰 铒桉囗桢 囡铌痂翳麇耜钽 噔妁囗 阮忄 .

橡 铎 镳邃镱豚汔弪, 黩 噔蝾 囡铌痂羿, 忡 玎 铖眍怏 徼犭彘耜簋

觏桡 阮忄, 桤豚汔弪 耦狁蜮屙眢 桉蝾痂 镳噔邃眍泐 耱疣溧朦鲟. 橡彖祗耱忮眄 磬 铖眍忄龛 玎痼徨骓 桉耠邃钼囗栝 疣耨爨蝠桠噱蝰 痤觇 牮筱 忸镳铖钼, 赅襦桴 赅 镳铊聃铈溴龛 囡铌痂羿, 蜞 邈 觐祜铉桷梃 犷泐耠钼耜钽 耦溴疰囗. 务钺铄 忭桁囗桢 箐咫屙 铗眍龛 噔妁囗 蝈犟蜞 皖忸泐 青忮蜞. 羊囹 镱溷铗钼脲磬 疣礻圊 滂耨屦蜞鲨铐眍泐 桉耠邃钼囗 磬 蝈祗 龛汔 阮忄 铛 腓龛珈嗷 .

孰邂 耠钼: 噔妁囗桢 阮忄, 觏桡 阮忄, 囡铌痂酐 锺邂漕桡疣酐, 戾骁噔弪磬 腓蝈疣蝮疣, 犷泐耠钼桢 皖忸泐 青忮蜞 .

骡邃屙桢 锐蝾痂 耱疣溧龛 镳噔邃眍泐 阮忄, 铗腓麒 铗 疣耨赅珙 漯筱桴 徼犭彘耜桴 镟蝠栲瘐圊, 镱黩 礤 磬躅滂 嚯膻玷 戾骁噔弪眍 腓蝈疣蝮疱. 礤 镱黩 龛麇泐 礤 镨 澡腩 离尻襦礓痂轳觇 阮耔 噪噔栝, 镳禧 铗覃腩 觏桡 阮忄 礤 眍忸玎忮蝽铎 觐痫篑, 牮铎 钿眍泐 箫铎桧囗 镱耠囗梃 揉觐忄 (揉 5:11). 配桧耱忮眄铄 桉觌屙桢 耦耱噔弪 囡铌痂翳麇耜铄 噔妁囗桢 阮忄 (溧脲 侨), 觐蝾痤 桉蝾痂 镳噔邃眍泐 耱疣溧朦鲟 桤腩驽磬 耦忮瘌屙眍 桧圜, 礤驽腓 忮蝓铉噔弪眍 觏桡 .



里铌痂翳麇耜铄 噔妁囗桢 钿桧 桤 痍桴 镳桁屦钼 镳咫铎脲龛 镥疱铖禧耠屙 徼犭彘耜桴 桎彘 颃驽蝾 腓龛耱梓羼觐 耩邃. 义犟 侨 镳邃耱噔脲 沭鬻羼觐, 耠噔眈觐 觐矧耜铋 疱溧牿, 礤觐蝾瘥 桉耠邃钼囹咫 镳邃镱豚汔腓 耋耱忸忄龛 邂疱轳觐泐 桦 囵囔彘耜钽 铕桡桧嚯1. 震桉蜩囗囔 青镟溧 囡铌痂 猁 隋铐桎 妈牝铕钼梓 伢觐 囫镨疣眚 赅翦漯 徼犭彖耱桕 吾鲥痍钼眍 囫镨疣眚箴 漕牝铕囗蝮瘥 桁屙 疋螓 疣忭钹镱耱铍 疏痂腚 体纛滂 (lshulyakov@gmail.com) .

洋耱忸忄龛 邂疱轳觐泐 铕桡桧嚯 漕赅琨忄 .需耨脲: Rieler, Paul. Altjdische Schriften auerhalb der Bibel. Augsburg: Dr. Benno Filser Verlag, 1928. P.1333. .翌痧彘 镳邃镱豚汔 囵囔彘耜栝 镳铗钽疣: Torrey, Charles Cutler. The Apocryphal Literature: A Brief Introduction. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945. P.143 .

义铍钽 ..伢觐 镳嚓蜩麇耜 礤桤忮耱屙, 蝾沅 赅 磬 骂耱铌, 耠噔眈觇 痼觐镨耥 襻铕龛赅, 蝈犟 猁蝾忄 怙腩螯 漕 XVIII . 蒡铗 襦祛猁蝽 镟蝽桕 耱噔栩 镥疱 桉耠邃钼囹咫屐 梵溴铛痂耱栲眈觐 腓蝈疣蝮瘥 皖忸泐 青忮蜞 祉铈羼蜮 忸镳铖钼. 溧眄铋 耱囹 箐咫弪 忭桁囗桢 礤觐蝾瘥 桤 龛 .

薯桡 阮忄 噔妁囗桢 阮忄

侨 祛骓 磬玮囹 疋铄泐 痤溧 扈漯帏铎 彦矧筻汨眚 觏桡 阮忄 .

暑祜铉桷 侨 镳铗桠铒铍铈磬 徼犭彘耜铋: 忪羼蝾 耦麇蜞龛 豚觐龛黜钽 镳铉噼麇耜钽 镳铍钽 (.孰嚅礴 戾蜿 磬玮嚯 邈 faux naf)2 漕脬桴 镱梓羼觇 滂嚯钽钼, 磬桠睇 磬痧囹桠 囡铌痂羿 怅膻麇睇 牮囹觇 滂嚯钽, 汨祉 祛腓蜮. 棱蝾 镳邃豚汔弪 耦狁蜮屙眍 疣玮栩桢 颃驽蜞, 鲥朦 邈 珏沐琨 溧螯 钿眍珥圜睇 铗忮 磬 忸镳铖 镳梓桧 耱疣溧龛 镳噔邃龛赅 .

侨3 疣耨赅玎眍 蝾, 赅 阮, 觐蝾痤泐 镳彐溴 玮嚯 阮忄忸 (蜞 铐 铗铈溴耱怆弪 镱蝾礻铎 锐噔, 箫铎眢螓 聋 36), 鲟瘘 怦邈 陪栾蜞, 钿磬驿 镱驽豚 箸磬螯 桉蜩眄钽 令汔. 项耠 蝾泐 赅 铐 篑铎龛腭 玎觐眄铖蜩 琨麇耜桴 驽痱忸镳桧铠屙栝, 屐 忤腭 疋弪, 镱忮溧怿栝, 黩  驽痱恹 镳桧铖蝰 礤 令泱, 眍 潼忸塍. 阮, 镳邃箫疱驿屙睇 戾耱, 觐蝾痼 钺痼 磬 礤泐 潼忸, 疣琊篪噱 琨麇耜栝 躔囔 .





蒡铋 戾耱 钺耥 怦 徨漶蜮 阮忄, 觐蝾瘥 蝾 狍潴 祗驽耱忮眄 恹溴疰栩. 袜 怛铕铎 镫囗 疣玮铕圜桠噱蝰 桉蝾痂 珉铌膻麇龛 镥疴铋 驽睇 阮忄 镱 桁屙 谚蜩溧, 觐蝾痼 蜞赕 桉牦弪 襦蜞磬. 义痫屙桢 镱祛汔弪 阮怏 钿屦驵螯 镱徨潴 犷瘘徨 潼忸腩. 磬沭噤 铐 镱塍鬣弪 爨汨麇耜桢 镱襦, 桉鲥腓怿桢 邈 铗 犷脲珥, 镥疱溧弪 桴 疋铊 漕麇. 袜溴 镱襦, 漕麇痂 钺疱蜞 囗沐朦耜桢 疋铋耱忄 溧 汶铖耦豚腓. 翳磬脲 噔妁囗

阮 箪桊噱. 陪 蝈腩 镱沭遽帼 镱麇耱扈, 潴 忸珥铖栩 磬 礤犷 镱耠囗龛 磬 塍麇玎痦铋 觐脲耥桷 .

ClinesD.J. A.Job 1 20. Dallas: Word Books, 1989. P.17 (The Word Bible Commentary .

Vol.17a) .

卿羼 溧脲 囡铌痂 鲨蜩痼弪 镥疱耜噻噱蝰 镱 镥疱忸潴, 恹镱腠屙眍祗 噔蝾痤 桤溧龛 .琉铌 (滂镫铎囹梓羼觐 桤溧龛 痼觐镨耔 P, 囡镟疣蝈 镳桠钿蝰 疣珥铟蝈龛 沭鬻羼觇 耠噔眈觇 痼觐镨皴; 牮栩梓羼觐泐 桤溧龛, 篦栩帼泐 沭鬻羼觇, 觐矧耜簋 耠噔眈觇 痼觐镨耔, 镱赅 礤 耋耱怏弪): Brock, SebastianP.Testamentum Iobi. Pseudepigrapha Veteris Testamenti Graeca 2. Leiden: Brill, 1967 .

P.159. 磬耱 怵屐 镥疱忸 泐蝾忤蝰 矬犭桕圉梃 .

128 震桉蜩囗耜铄 黩屙桢 2, 2017 里铌痂翳麇耜铄 噔妁囗桢 阮忄 觐眚尻耱 梵溴轳觐 腓蝈疣蝮瘥 .

吾疣龛 赅眍龛麇耜铋 觏桡 礤 疋钿栩 邋 鲨蜩痤忄龛 .

彦矧筻汨眚 潆 噔蝾疣 侨 疋铄泐 痤溧 镟腓蝠: 铐 徨疱 桤 礤 麴嚆戾眚 蝈犟蜞 , 疋钺钿眍 耢屮桠 桴 戾驿 耦犷, 漕镱腠弪 耦狁蜮屙眢 桉蝾痂. 赅麇耱忮 镳桁屦 祛骓 疣耨祛蝠弪 铒桉囗桢 漕爨 犷汔蝰蜮 阮忄 怵屐屙 邈 犭嚆铒铍篦.

棱蝾 耦忪妁噱 疣耨赅 钺 桁簌羼蜮 镟蝠栲瘐 (皴禳 螓 钼弼, 蝠 螓麒 忮疳膻漕, 螯耦 猁觐 螯耦 铖腩 (阮 1:3) 邈 疱鼽 怵屐屙 猁腩泐 犭嚆铒铍篦 (阮 2931, 耦耱 桤 溧 痂蝾痂麇耜桴 忸镳铖钼4:

湾祛 礤 猁腓 腓睇 蝾泐, 麇 眢驿嚯桉, 铟囔 怃钼桷 礤 镳屙遽疱汔 .

朽玮 聱邃嚯 疋铋 牦耦 钿桧 礤 溴腓腭 桁 耔痤蝾? 朽玮 铖蜞忤 徨 忭桁囗 镱汨徉邈 磬汨 礤 钿邂嚯 邈?

朽玮 礤祛 礤 犭嚆铖腩忤腓 戾, 觐沅 镫鬻 桴 猁腓 耦沭弪 铗 镱耱痂驽龛 祛桴 嚆眦邂? (LXX 阮 31:1620)

侨 禧 麒蜞屐 耠邃簋 蝈犟:

戾 猁腩 耱 蝠桎鲟螯 螓 钼弼, 铗溴腓 铗 龛 皴禳 螓, 黩钺 耱痂鼽 潆 钿邂囗 耔痤, 怃钼, 徨漤, 礤祛, 猁豚 戾 疋铕 桤 忸顸扈耦 耦徉5, 耱铕铈桠 祛 漕. 戾 猁腩 溴螯 螓 忮疳膻漕, 桤 觐蝾瘥 恹狃嚯 蝠 螓麒, 黩钺 疣犷蜞腓 镱 怦屐 泐痤溧, 磬恻桠 桴 漕狃铎, 镱耠嚯 桴 泐痤溧 皴脲龛, 镳桕噻 桁 箐嚯栩 疣玟噔囹 礤祛, 眢驿帼祚, 怦屐 怃钼囔. 猁腩 戾 耱 耦痤 螓 铖腩 镟耋躐, 恹狃嚯 铗 龛 螯 耦蝈 镳桕噻嚯 镳钿噔囹 镱蝾祚蜮 铗 龛 疣玟噔囹 徨漤 眢驿帼祚 .

帖 忤滂, 黩 噔蝾 礤 蝾朦觐 镳弩忮腓麒忄弪 耦耱龛 阮忄, 眍 镱澉屦觇忄弪, 黩 犷汔蝰蜮 桉镱朦珞 潆 镱祛 龛 .

央钼 屐铢睇榛 (), 怆顸 钿龛 桤 觌邂 镱耱痤屙梃 沭鬻羼觐泐 蝈犟蜞 LXX 阮 2931, 耱囗钼栩 蜞赕 脲轵祛蜩忸 囡铌痂翳麇耜钽 疣耨赅玎6 .

唣觇 镳桁屦铎 珏沐蜩麇耜钽 戾蝾溧 噔蝾疣 耠箧栩 桉蝾痂 桉鲥脲龛 阮忄. 央钼 令汔, 钺疣眄 阮怏: 疱镱, 赅 祗, 徨漯 卿羼 溧脲 彦矧筻汨眚 鲨蜩痼弪 镥疱忸溴 噔蝾疣 .

镳铍钽 阮忄 龛麇泐 礤 泐忸痂蝰 耦徉赅, 铎 镥疱黜 铐 玎龛爨 戾耱

蜩耱 猁觐. 妈滂祛, 噔蝾 桉镱朦珞弪 耠邃簋 疱镫桕 阮忄:  睇礤 耢妣蝰 磬漕 祉铋 祀噤, 睇礤 镱痂鲟 礤觐蝾瘥 桤 蝈, 鼽桴 铗鲱 镳彗桊嚯, 礤 聍栩嚯 桴 漕耱铋睇扈 锺钼 镳 耱噤圊 祛桴 (阮 30:1) .

亦赕 桉镱朦珞 蝈痨桧 邃睇寤 (), 箧溧桢 () 彖祗寤 () .

义铍钽 ..伢觐 蜮铊; 耧痤 蝈, 螓 铗忮鬣 祉寤 (阮 38:3), 桧蝈痫疱蜩痤忄睇 耠邃簋 钺疣珙 聆屙 疣耧疱溴脲龛 阮忸 磬耠邃耱忄 戾驿 漕麇扈:

耜噻嚯 桁 铗弼:  蝾朦觐 磬 龛 狍溴蝈 骅螯, 眍 镱襦 镳桠邃篁 忄 塍鼬栝 忮, 黩钺 骅螯 磬 礤徨襦. 琼噱蝈 腓 恹, 溴蜩, 鲥眢 桴 镱耦? 褥 戾 磬沭噤桦 妙耧钿 蝾 溴睃, 觐沅 玎躅蝈 皲咫囹 祉 扈腩耱 铖忸犷滂螯 蝈腩 祛 铗 玮 麇疴彘. 项玮噔 戾, 雾 镱溧 祉  蝠 镱襦, 泐忸 祉: 铖耱囗, 镳屣 徨漯 蜮铊, 赅 祗. 耧痤 蝈, 螓 驽 铗忮鬣 祉寤. 驽, 忡, 镳屣襦腭, 蝾蝼囫 礤忤滂禧 耱嚯 蝈 镱 麇疴 磬 蝈脲 祛屐, 蜞 驽 赅 玮. 磬觐礤 蝈腩 祛 箨疱镨腩顸 铗 妙耧钿, 狍潋 忸怦 龛觐沅 礤 耱疣溧腩 (侨 47:27).

泥蜩痤怅 镳铊聃铈溴龛

襄疴铐圜嚯 沭鬻羼觇 镥疱忸 觏桡 阮忄 (Old Greek), 恹镱腠屙睇, 忮痤蝽, 忸 . 漕 .., 祛骓 疣耨爨蝠桠囹 赅 terminus post quem 潆 侨. 买铕梓眍耱 囡铌痂羿 镱 铗眍龛 蝈犟蝮 彦矧筻汨眚 礤 恹琨忄弪 耦祉屙栝7. 橡 铎 沭囗桷 忮瘐礤 溧蜩痤怅 侨 耔朦眍 疣珉梓帼蝰. 令朦眈蜮 篦屙 镳邃镱豚汔, 黩 铖眍忭铋 蝈犟 猁 耦玟囗 礤 镱玟礤 . 镱 .., 漕矬耜 忸珈铈眍耱 镱玟礤轼桴 疱溧牿栝. 橡 铎 礤溧忭 桤溧眄铋 祛眍沭圄梃 镳铊聃铈溴龛 锺邂漕桡疣纛 .泥忤豚 镳邃镱腩骅, 黩 侨 祛汶 镱忤螯 躔桉蜩囗耜铎 陪栾蝈 V .8 羊铍 耔朦睇 疣聃铈溴龛 溧蜩痤怅 钺耥 礤疱眄铖螯 忸镳铖 蝾, 赅觐 耩邃 猁 磬镨襦 囡铌痂, 梵溴轳觐 桦 躔桉蜩囗耜铋?

令朦眈蜮 桉耠邃钼囹咫彘 疣玟咫 祉屙桢 钺 梵溴轳觐 镳铊聃铈溴龛. 洛耦禧扈 囵泱戾眚囔 潆 钽 怆 礤觐蝾瘥 觌邂 镟耨噫 蝈犟蜞, 蜞觇 赅 铗礤皴龛 镱蝾祚蜮 阮忄 玑疣眄铎 黩桁铎 痤潴 铗 皴戾龛 揉觐忄 (侨 1:5), 玎镳弪 耢屮囗睇 狃嚓钼 (侨 45:3) 铟邂桎眍 铗耋蝰蜮桢 桉镱忮溧龛 震桉蜞. 茵嚓蜞 棱铗, 觐祆屙蜩痼 觏桡 阮忄, 镳嚓蜩麇耜 狍赈嚯 镥疱溧弪 礤觐蝾瘥 溴蜞腓 侨, 黩 疋桎弪咫蜮箦, 镱 玎戾鬣龛 .阻祛琨, 耋耱忸忄龛 鸯.: Schaller, Berndt. Das Testament Hiobs // Jdische Schriften aus hellenistich-rmischer Zeit, 3.3. Gtersloh: Gerd Mohn, 1979. P.301374; Schaller, Berndt. Das Testament Hiobs und die Septuaginta-bersetzung des Buches Hiob // Biblica. 1980. Vol.61. P.377406 .

DavilaJ.R.The provenance of the Pseudepigrapha: Jewish, Christian, or other? Leiden;

Boston: Brill, 2005. P.197198. 亦牦 驽 溧蜩痤怅 噔蝾 镳邃豚汔弪 潆 钼羼蜩 钺 阮耔翦 礼屙弭寤. 配桧耱忮眄 囵泱戾眚, 觐蝾瘥 铐 镳桠钿栩 镱玟 溧蜩痤怅 漕澍桴 漕 磬 痼觐镨皴 .

   

狴邈 镱 珏沐蜩麇耜桴 疣珈脲龛 磬 蝈犟蝾 (觏桡 阮忄) 耩邃 疣忖桧钼 戾骁噔弪睇 镥痂钿9. 霹 钿龛 囵泱戾眚铎 祛驽 耠箧栩 钺疣祀屙桢 蝈犟蜞 纛痨 噔妁囗, 桁妣 铖眍忸 镳邃耢屦蝽 犭嚆铖腩忮龛 镳铢嚯 徨皴潲 镳囝蝣邂, 镳铕铌钼 镳噔邃龛觐 (聋 4750 (犭嚆铖腩忮龛 揉觐忄) 买铕 3134 (镳铢嚯 徨皴溧, 镳铕铟羼蜮 疣耨赅 镱沭遽屙梃 填桉))10 .

蔓耜噻嚯桉 疣珥 蝾麝 琊屙 蝾, 赅觐 疱汨铐 祛汶 猁螯 磬镨襦眍 侨. 相脲耱桧耜铄 镳铊聃铈溴龛 铗耱噼忄 .腻朦觐, 镳钼钿桠 镟疣腚咫 戾驿 侨 麴嚆戾眚铎 祛腓蜮 忄忤腩眈觐泐 鲟 袜犷龛溧, 漕澍彘 漕 磬 钿眍 桤 牦祓囗耜桴 疋栩觐 (4QPrNab). 雾 镳邃镱腩骅, 黩 桤钺疣驽龛 襦蜞睇 赅 鲟 镥瘃钼 17- 汶噔 疋玎眍 玎忸邂囗桢 相脲耱桧 镟痿眈觇 鲟疱 相觐痤 I 40. 漕 . 11. 嘛铖脲漶蜮梃.暑腚桧 磬玮嚯  耦镱耱噔脲龛 牮嚅礤 礤筢邃栩咫, 箨噻, 黩 镥瘃 怆腓顸 蝠噤桷桀眄 怵嚆囔 邈栾. 雾 镱豚汔 犷脲 忮痤蝽 祛蜩忸 磬镨襦龛 侨, 忸聃忄邈 漕脬铗屦镥龛, 驽耱铌桢 镳栩羼礤龛 梵溴邂 陪栾蝈 I . 镱 ..12. 项躅骟 汨镱蝈珞 恹溻桧箅 礤溧忭 .灭簖, 镳邃镱腩骅怿栝, 黩 噔蝾疣 囡铌痂羿 怃铛眍忤腩 忸耨蜞龛 梵溴轳觐 滂囫镱瘥 忸 怵屐 镳噔脲龛 桁镥疣蝾疣 茵磬 (98113). 项 邈 祉屙棹, 疣耨赅 疣琊篪屙梃 阮忸 琨麇耜钽 躔囔, 礤蜩镨黜 潆 梵溴轳觐 腓蝈疣蝮瘥 钽 镥痂钿, 祛驽 猁螯 疋玎 耦猁蜩扈 梵溴轳觇 囗蜩痂祚觇 忸耨蜞龛 痼徨驵 I朓I 忖.13 亦觇 钺疣珙, 铗耋蝰蜮桢 赅觇-腓犷 忭 桉蝾痂麇耜桴 嚯膻玷 侨 溴豚弪 膻猁 镳邃镱腩驽龛 蝾黜铎 怵屐屙 戾耱 邈 磬镨襦龛 蝾 桦 桧铋 耱屣屙 耧尻箅蜩忭. 语铎桧囗桢 Cimosa, Mario. Comparing LXX Job 4:710 and T.Job 42:48 // Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature. Yearbook 2014. Berlin; New York: de Gruyter, 2004. .405 .

驵眇 噔妁囗栝 祛骓 铗礤耱 镱玟龛 徼犭彘耜桢 蝈犟螓, 蜞觇 赅 玎忮龛 翌忤蜞 覃眢 (翌 14:111) 镳邃耢屦蝽 磬耱噔脲龛 锑蝌圄梃 (1 锑觋 2:4970) .

湾觐蝾瘥 篦屙 铗眍 龛 蝈犟螓 皖忸泐 青忮蜞: 腻 20:1739 1 诣 4:116 (噔弪 囡. 相怆), 蜞赕 软 1317 镱耠邃簋 疣耨赅珙 牮羼蝽铋 耢屦蜩 镱沭遽屙梃 辱耋襦 震桉蜞 .

Delcor, Mathias. Le Testament de Job, la prire de Nabonide et les traditions targoumiques // Bibel und Qumran: Beitrge zur Erforschung der Beziehungen zwischen Bibelund Qumranwissenschaft. Berlin: Evangelische Haupt-Bibelgeselschaft, 1968. .72 .

Collins, JohnJ.Structure and Meaning in the Testament of Job // Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers. Cambridge, 1974. Vol.1. P.50 .

Gruen, William. Seeking a Context for the Testament of Job // Journal for the study of the Pseudepigrapha. 2009. Vol.18. .163179 .

义铍钽 ..伢觐 镳桧铠屙 阮忸 蝈朦鲟  驽痱忮眄桕 令汔 (侨 15:9) 驽痱恹 阮忄 玎 漯箸彘 (侨 42:8) 礤 祛驽 耠箧栩 筢邃栩咫 疋桎弪咫蜮铎 蝾泐, 黩 囡铌痂 猁 磬镨襦 相脲耱桧 漕 70. 镱 .. (泐溧 疣琊篪屙 儒痼襦腓祚觐泐 躔囔)14. 亦赕 铟邂桎眍, 黩 忸聃忄脲龛 漕脬铗屦镥龛 祗麇龛麇耱忄 玎 忮痼 耱囗钼栩 忄骓 祛蜩忸 祉钽桴 镳铊玮邃屙栝, 磬镨襦眄 磬鬣豚 锑觋噔彘耜桴 忸轫 .

武磬觐 汨镱蝈玎 邈栾弪耜铎 镳铊聃铈溴龛 侨 镳邃耱噔弪 磬栳铍邋 忮痤蝽铋. 俞邃栩咫 漕忸溧扈 耠箧栩 蝾, 黩 阮 磬玮囗 囵耱怏桁 磬 怦屐 陪栾蝾旎 (侨 28:7), 耋耱忸忄龛 漯邂礤轼邈 觐矧耜钽 镥疱忸溧 IV ., 疋桎弪咫蜮簋 镱矬痦铖蜩 囡铌痂羿 陪栾蝈. 令脲 耧铕睇 镳邃耱噔弪 囵泱戾眚 .仫栩螂屦, 耩噔龛怿邈 耦徼疣龛 阮忸 漯嚆铞屙睇 赅祉彘, 箫铎眢蝾 囡铌痂翦 (侨 28:4, 32:5), 疣耨赅珙 藻铘疣耱 (De lapidibus 24:55) 镱漕犴铎 钺噱 邈栾弪耜桴 鲟疱15 .

骂珈铈眍, 囡铌痂 猁 磬镨襦 耩邃 钿眍 桤 祉钽铟桉脲眄 梵溴轳觇 扈耱梓羼觇 沭箫. .暑蹼屦 镱豚汔, 黩  祛汶 猁螯 羼皴16, .澡腩礤黻 镳邃豚汔 桉赅螯 Sitz im Leben 侨 牮筱 蝈疣镥怛钼17. 物桉囗桢 犷泐耠箧屙栝 蝈疣镥怛钼 蝠嚓蜞蝈  耦珏瘀囹咫铋 骅珥杌 澡腩磬 离尻襦礓痂轳觐泐 溴轳蜮栩咫 磬镱扈磬弪 耱囹梓羼觇 汨祉 漕麇疱 阮忄 玎觌栩咫 汶噔圊. 项 祉屙棹 .锣 溴 疹瘃蜞, 蝾 戾耱, 觐蝾痤 玎龛爨 驽睇 漕麇痂 阮忄 镱忮耱忸忄龛 (桤 388 耱桴钼 侨 驽睐桧 翳泱痂痼 107),  恹聒彘 耱屣屙 礤钺眍 潆 疣眄彘 梵溴轳觐 腓蝈疣蝮瘥 18. 蒡 溧弪 铖眍忄龛 镳邃镱腩骅螯, 黩 耩邃 疱腓汨铉眍 沭箫稃, 桤 觐蝾痤 镳铊珙 侨, 驽睐桧 桡疣腓 铖钺簋 踵痂珈囹梓羼牦 痤朦19. 软蝈疱耥

如忮耱眍, 黩 邂疱轳觐 滂囫镱疱 耋耱忸忄腓 牦朦蝾恹 鲥眚瘥, 觐黻箴桊髎trong>

桢 儒痼襦腓祛. 燕禧 桤忮耱睇 猁 躔囔 令汔 如疣桦 缅腓铒铍. 铎 觐眚尻耱 桧蝈疱耥 漕矬龛 噔蝾痤 侨 忸珈铈眍耱 耦忮瘌屙 祛腓蜮屙睇 镳嚓蜩, 龛赅 礤 疋玎眄 牦朦蝾 儒痼襦腓祚觐泐 躔囔 .

Spittler, RussellP.The Testament of Job // The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. New York:

Doubleday, 1983. Vol.1. .833 .

Kohler Kaufmann. The Testament of Job, an Essene Midrash on the Book of Job // Semitic Studies in Memory of Rev. Dr. Alexander Kohut. Berlin: S.Galvary & Co, 1897. .264338 .

Philonenko, M.Le Testament de Job. Introduction, traduction et notes. Additum: Une nouvelle version copte du Testament de Job // Semitica. 1968. Vol.18. P.22 .

Horst, PieterW.Images of woman in the Testament of Job // Studies in the Testament of Job (MSSNTS 66). Cambridge, 1989. P.95 .

McDowell, Markus. Prayers of Jewish Women. Studies of Patterns of Prayer in the Second Temple Period. Mohr Siebeck, 2006. .115123 .

   

镱潋忮疰溴龛 铋 汨镱蝈珏 磬躅滂 .骤朦, 耩噔龛忄 囡铌痂 礤觐蝾瘥扈 牦祓囗耜桁 蝈犟蜞扈, 镥疴簋 铟屦邃 羼睃 耋後铗礤泐 驽痱忸镳桧铠屙 耧桉觐 囔囫耜钽 漕牦戾眚嗷 (4Q270) .

雾 镳桴钿栩 恹忸潴 聃铈羼蜩 犷泐耠钼耜桴 忸珑疱龛 噔蝾痤 桴 蝈犟蝾, 镳桎帼 铖钺铄 珥圜屙桢 踵痂珈囹梓羼觐 祛腓蜮, 疱珞朦蜞蝈 觐蝾痤 麇腩忮 钺疱蜞弪 囗沐朦耜桢 疋铋耱忄. 项漕犴铄 祛腓蜮屙眍 耦耱龛 漕耱桡噱蝰 腓 镳 钺豚麇龛 铖钺 钿彐潲, 忄骓彘 踵疣牝屦桉蜩赅 觐蝾瘥 祉钽铞忮蝽铖螯20. 岭桤铖螯 桎彘 囡铌痂羿 牦祓囗耜桁 蝈犟蜞, 镱玟礤徼犭彘耜桁 耦麒礤龛 (觏桡 翌忤蜞 觏桡 橡屐箐痤耱 辱耋襦, 覃磬 谚疣躅忄) 镳邃耱噔弪 镥瘃镥牝桠眍 潆 溧朦礤轼邈 桤篦屙 .

噔妁囗桢 阮忄 皖恹 青忮 湾耢铗 磬 镳桠邃屙睇 恹 囵泱戾眚 镱朦珞 梵溴轳觐泐 镳铊聃铈溴龛, 铟邂桎眍 聃钿耱忸 礤觐蝾瘥 犷泐耠钼耜桴 蝈痨桧钼 桎彘 侨 蝈犟蝾 皖忸泐 青忮蜞. 袜汶漤 镳桁屦铎 耠箧栩 桤钺疣驽龛 潼忸豚. 族疱潴 桉稃蜞龛, 觐蝾瘥 襦蜞磬 镱溻屦汔弪 阮忄, 祛骓 耩噔龛螯 耦 聆屙铋 桉牦龛 震桉蜞 矬耱. 锐牦 妙耧钿, 潼忸 镳邃豚汔弪 澎 怦 鲟瘃蜮 怦 耠噔 扈疣, 羼腓 雾 镱觌铐栩 屐 , 镱塍鬣 铗赅, 铗躅滂 蝾 礤泐  怵屐屙杌 (梭 4:13;

耩. 挑 4:111). 囡铌痂翦 阮, 腓眄 疋铄泐 鲟瘃蜮, 礤钿眍牮囹眍 泐忸痂, 黩 龛 忸 黩 礤 耱噔栩 耠噔 钽 扈疣, 铗铕 镱汨犴弪, 镱疋蜩怿桢 皴 屐 镳遽箐篁 龛 汨徨腓 邈罨 (侨 33:4). 项耠 镱徨潲, 觐蝾痼 铐 钿屦骅忄弪 27- 汶噔, 襦蜞磬 铗耱箫噱 铗 礤泐  蝠 泐溧 (侨 27:6) .

皱朦 潼忸豚, 觐蝾瘥, 赅 耜噻囗, 忸滂蝰 玎犭箧溴龛 麇腩忮麇耜 镳桊钿嗷 (侨 3:3), 钺爨眍 铗怵囹栩 阮忄 铗 令汔 皲咫囹 疋铊 耠箧栩咫屐. 碾 钽 铐, 漕 蝾泐 赅 腓螯 阮忄 桁簌羼蜮, 皴禳 玟铕钼, 镥疱钿邂噱蝰 龛 镳桴钿栩 镳铖栩 礤泐 蹼遽 (侨 7:12). 蒡 聆屙 祛骓 疣耨爨蝠桠囹 赅 耔焘铍梓羼觐 驽痱忸镳桧铠屙桢 桦 蝈铌皴龛, 泐耱屐 觐蝾痤 耱囗钼栩 潼忸. 橡铖 蹼遽 桁邋 耜瘥蝾 鲥朦 镱塍麒螯, 矬耱 礤麇耱睇 矬蝈, 驽痱忮眄铄 镳桧铠屙桢. 皖 阮 疣玢噤噱 Zilm, Jenifer. Multi-Coloured like Woven Works: Gender, Ritual Clothing and Prayer with Angels in the Did Sea Scrolls and the Testament of Job // Prayer and Poetry in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature: Essays in Honor of Eileen Schuller. Leiden: Brill, 2012 .

P.437451 .

义铍钽 ..伢觐 玎禧皴 镳邃豚汔弪 襦蜞礤 耦骀屙睇 蹼遽 珥嚓 镳彗疱龛 铗忮疰屙21 .

橡邂疣龛 龛泐 礤 邃桧耱忮眄 箅钼赅 潼忸豚, 觐蝾瘥 镱耱眄 戾弪 疋铋 钺腓 (桉镱朦珙忄 汶嚆铍 ), 耱囗钼顸 蝾 觐痤脲 襄瘃梃, 蝾 忤躔屐, 蝾 镳钿噔鲱 蹼遽. 蝾 驽 疋铋耱忮 禧 箸磬屐 桤 项耠囗 暑痂眙磬, 觐蝾痤 耜噻囗, 黩 潼忸 祛驽 镳桧桁囹 忤 () 理沐豚 疋弪 (2 暑 11:14). 皖 潼忸 礤 耔豚 钺爨眢螯 阮忄, 觐蝾瘥 疣玢噤噱 邈 玎禧耠 镳邃箫疱驿噱 驽眢 蝾, 黩 囹囗 耱铊 镱玎滂 礤 耢簌噱 邋 禧耠杌. 蒡 聆屙 祛骓 耦镱耱噔栩 耦 怩铈溴龛屐 襦蜞睇 润潴 锐赅痂铗 (岁 22:3) 钺疣龛屐 震桉蜞 镳尻铖腩祗 澎 襄蝠: 蝾殇 铗 体, 襦蜞磬! (挑 16:23; 剃 8:33). 佯噔礤龛 潼忸豚 耦 珈邋 漯嚓铐铎 汨祉, 镳铌腓磬桁 烹梵 (侨 43), 磬躅滂 祉钽铟桉脲眄 嚯膻玷 里铌嚯栾耔皴 (悟牮 12:3; 12:8) .

蝾 驽 汨祉 烹梵, 铗铈羼蜮屐 襦蜞眍, 磬玮囗, 赅 赔囗沐腓 铗 锑螋 (挑 13:19, 耩. 挑 6:13), 腩溴屐 (). 霹 钿磬 忸珈铈磬 蝈爨 耦镱耱噔脲龛 镱蜩 怆囫蜩 () 襦蜞睇 怆囫蜩 麇腩忮赅 磬 龛. 燕蜞磬, 镳彐溴 麇 镱疣玷螯 桁簌羼蜮 蝈腩 阮忄, 镱塍鬣弪 磬 蝾 怆囫螯 铗 令汔 (耩. 腻 26:18). 阮 蜞赕 镳铖栩 令汔 怆囫螯, 黩钺 疣琊篪栩 琨麇耜铄 赅镨. 赔囗沐腓 礤钿眍牮囹眍 镱澉屦觇忄弪, 黩 震桉蝾 陪 篦屙桕 桁妣 怆囫螯 磬 珉 潴踵扈 (挑 10:1; 剃 1:27; 3:15; 6:7; 岁7:8; 9:1; 10:19)22 .

软蝈疱耥 镟疣腚咫 戾驿 侨 皖恹 青忮蝾 禧 蜞赕 磬躅滂 忸 忭邋忄磴咫觐 疋桎弪咫蜮 汶铖耦豚腓 (侨 4850)23 聆屙 镱耱噔脲龛 囗沐腩 镥鬣蜩 磬 阮忄 (耔焘铍桕 皴爨眚桕 汶嚆铍, 鬣耱 箫铗疱犭屐钽 里铌嚯栾耔皴 (悟牮 7:38; 9:4)) .

篷螯 脲犟梓羼觇 聃钿耱忄: 磬镳桁屦, 鬣耱 箫铗疱犭屐 囡铖蝾腩 相怆铎 钺铕铗 (耢. 侨 38:1), 牮嚅礤 疱漕 潆 彦矧筻汨眚 礤 怦蝠鬻噱蝰 漯筱桴 戾骁噔弪睇 蝈犟蜞, 玎 桉觌屙桢 钼羼蜩 钺 阮耔翦 礼屙弭寤. 项漯钺睇 囗嚯桤 礤觐蝾瘥 聃钿睇 针遽 桡疣弪 忄骓簋 痤朦 蝈犟蝈 侨. 嘛铖脲漶蜮梃 噔蝾 桉镱朦珞弪 钺疣 耦骀屙眍泐 蹼遽 赅麇耱忮 戾蜞纛瘥 蝾 戾耱, 觐蝾痼 潼忸 铖簌羼蜮栩 铗眍龛 蝈豚 阮忄. 蒡 耦铗礤皴龛 蝈豚 蹼遽铎 镳桠钿栩 .朽礤眙屦 禧耠 忸珈铈眍 镟疣腚咫 赔踵痂耱桢 聆屙铋, 觐沅 震桉蝾 溧弪 蹼遽 润溴, 镱耠 麇泐 蝾泐 怩钿栩 襦蜞磬 (软 13:2627). 骂珈铈眍, 桁 镥疴铋 驽睇 阮忄, 谚蜩溧, 桦 谚蜩漕 (), 蜞赕 铗覃豚弪 耔焘铍桕 蹼遽 () .

悟戾蜩, 黩 彦矧筻汨眚 觏桡 阮忄 蝈痨桧 龛 疣珞 礤 怦蝠鬻噱蝰 .

项漯钺礤 耢.: Currie, Stuart Dickson. 揝peaking in Tongues: Early Evidence outside the New Testament Bearing on 揋lossais Lalein // Intertretion. 1965. 19. .274294 .

   

琨觐 皖忸泐 青忮蜞 钺铕铗钼 犷泐耠钼耜桴 纛痨箅, 蜞赕 踵蝾腩汨, 猁 恹镱腠屙 .朽礤眙屦铎24 .

喻栩 恹桤腩驽眄铄, 脲汴 钺耥栩 耦祉屙 .逆彘祚 梵溴轳觐 镳铊聃铈溴龛 蝈犟蜞. 雾 镨, 黩 铐圜嚯 铐 聍栩嚯 蝈犟 徨耨镱痦 梵溴轳觇 漕躔桉蜩囗耜桁, 眍 镱蝾 镱戾 疋铄 祉屙桢. 逆彘祚 镳邃镱豚汔弪, 黩 噔蝾 猁 邂疱屐 镱 痤驿屙棹, 眍 镱耠, 钺疣蜩怿桉 躔桉蜩囗耱忸, 镥疱忮 镥疱疣犷蜞 梵溴轳觐 镳邃囗桢 钺 阮忮25. 蒡 汨镱蝈玎, 恹耜噻囗磬 磬 玎疱 桤篦屙 侨, 磬 铗泐腩耦 .泥忤臌26 .

青耠箧桠噱 忭桁囗桢 镱玷鲨 .仫栩螓. 锐耠邃钼囹咫 漕赅琨忄 耋耱忸忄龛 邃桧铋 祛溴腓 潆 铒桉囗 耱疣溧龛 阮忄 震桉蜞27, 聍栩 囡铌痂 镳铊玮邃屙桢 漕躔桉蜩囗耜桁. 雾 箨噻嚯 磬 耠邃簋 镟疣腚咫: 震桉蝾 阮 钺 鲟瘃觐泐 痤溧 (1), 镱祛汔 龛 (2), 犷瘙蝰 襦蜞眍 (3), 桴 耱疣溧龛 镱珙 汶噻圊 铌痼驵桴 (4), 铐 镳铢帼 疋铊 怵嚆钼 (5), 忮 忸耜疱皴龛 戾痱恹 (6), 镱 耢屦蜩 镱沭遽帼蝰 (7), 镱耠 镳铖豚怆 令泐 (8)28. 仫栩蜞 镳邃镱豚汔弪, 黩 囡铌痂翳麇耜 桉蝾痂 阮忄 祛汶 耠箧栩, 磬潴 耦 耱疣溧桁 朽犷 啧忮 (锐 53) 沐痤屐 21-泐 (22-泐 镱 爨耦疱蝰觐 眢戾疣鲨) 锺嚯爨, 镳铑狃噻铎 耱疣溧龛 桉牦镨蝈朦眍 驽痱恹 扬囫栩咫 .

骂耧痂蜩 觏桡 阮忄 赅 镳铑狃噻 耱疣溧龛 震桉蜞 怦蝠鬻噱蝰 犷朦眈蜮 疋蝾铗鬻羼觇 蝾腙钼囗栝, 镟疱扈 阮忄 麒蜞 磬 耠箧徉 羊疣耱眍 皴潇桷. 里铌痂翳麇耜 桉蝾痂 铌噻嚯 礤耦祉屙眍 怆龛 磬 忸耧痂蜩 镳噔邃眍泐 阮忄 镱玟礤轼屐 躔桉蜩囗耜铎 桉牦耨蜮29 , 忸珈铈眍, 镱怆豚 磬 蝈犟 耠箧猁 阮怏 .

Rahnenfhrer, Dankwart. Das Testament des Hiob und das Neue Testament // Zeitschrift fr die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. 1971. 62. .6893 .

James, Montague Rhode. The Testament of Job // Apocrypha anecdota II. Texts and studies V.Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1897. P. xciii xciv .

鸯. 镳桁鬻囗桢 8 .

Spitta, F.Das Testament Hiobs und das Neue Testament // Zur Geschichte und Literatur des Urchristentums. Gttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 1907. Bd. 3. Tl. 2. P.139206 .

谚耱屐囹桤圉 蝈铕梃 .仫栩螓 镳桠钿栩 镱: Spittler, RussellP.The Testament of Job: research and interpretation // Studies in the Testament of Job (MSSNTS 66). Cambridge,

1989. P.1718 .

橡桁屦 钽 徉疱朦弭 襦痍铘嚆 揠 拎耨 IV . 扈龛囹 忤玎眚栝耜桴 痼觐镨皴. 趔礓囔屙蜞朦眍 桉耠邃钼囗梃 .相镟溧觇-侮豚礓 钺 钺疣珏 阮忄 桦膻耱痂痤忄眄 忤玎眚栝耜桴 痼觐镨 侨 磬玮囗 囔 疣眄桁 磬栳铍邋 忄骓 蝈犟蝾 潆 桤篦屙 桦膻耱痂痤忄龛 觏桡 阮忄. 鸯.: Papadaki-Oekland, Stella. Byzantine Illuminated Manuscripts of the Book of Job: A Preliminary Study of the Miniature Illustrations, Its Origin and Development. Athens: Brepols Publishers, 2009. P.25 .

义铍钽..伢觐

义礓屙鲨 囗牝梏桕圉梃 阮忄, 镳邃耱噔脲龛 邈 犷脲 蝈痫咫桠 耩噔礤龛 漯邂礤邂疱轳觇 蝈犟蝾, 镳铖脲骅忄弪 箧 彦矧筻汨眚. 里铌痂翳麇耜铄 侨, 疋铪 铟屦邃, 磬麒磬弪 忸耧痂龛爨螯 躔桉蜩囗耜铋 蝠噤桷梃 赅麇耱忮 疋铄泐 痤溧 骅蜩轫钽 蝈犟蜞 .

洛痤蝽, 耩邃 镳羼脲潴屐 玎 忮痼 躔桉蜩囗 囡铌痂翳麇耜 桉蝾痂 阮忄 耱囗钼栩 钿龛 桤 镥疴 镳桁屦铎 祗麇龛麇耱忄. 羊疣溧龛 玎 忮痼, 镳邃耱噔脲眄 赅 镱邃桧铌 潼忸腩, 猁腩 犷汔蝰蜮 阮忄 邈 镳彗疱龛 礤祗 疣滂 湾徨耥钽 粥瘃蜮, 蜞赕 桎遴 犭嚆铗忸疱龛 桁妣 镟疣腚咫 觐矧耜桴 祗麇龛麇耜桴 嚓蜞30. 骂耧痂蜩 囡铌痂羿 赅 骅蜩轫钽 蝈犟蜞 磬躅滂 镳钿铍驽龛 蜞赕 耠噔眈觐 镥瘃镥牝桠31. 项矬痦铖螯 蝈犟蜞, 镱 祉屙棹 .锗疣豚灬嚓桉, 钺耥弪 邈 噤囡蜞鲨彘 祛磬耜铋 耩邃 眢驿囔 桧蝈疱襦 疣珉梓睇 铛 赅麇耱忮 铙麒蝈朦眍, 磬玷溧蝈朦眍 筲脲赅蝈朦眍 桉蝾痂 镥瘃铐噫, 觐蝾瘥 镱麒蜞弪 耩邃 疋螓趸32 .

青觌屙桢

骂镳铖 镳铊聃铈溴龛 侨 镳桊钿 箫铎眢螓 恹 聃钿耱 眍忸玎忮蝽 觐痫篑铎 铖蜞 铗牮. 描镱蝈玎 蝾, 黩 噔蝾 猁 躔桉蜩囗桧铎, 耦玟噔 疣耨赅, 耱痤泐 耠邃簋 忮蝓铉噔弪睇 疱嚯, 礤 溧弪 筢邃栩咫钽 钺耥屙 耔眚彗 梵溴铨腚桧桉蜩麇耜铋 珏沐琨 铗溴朦睇 眍忸玎忮蝽 犷泐耠钼耜桴 忸珑疱龛 .

蒡铗 耔眚彗 痤漤栩 侨 漯筱桁 耦麒礤龛屐 蝾 驽 铛 钼羼螯 钺 阮耔翦 礼屙弭寤 .

锐耠邃钼囹咫 铗戾鬣腓 聃铈羼螯 蝈犟蝾 磬 箴钼礤 脲犟桕 蝈痨桧钼, 眍  囡铌痂酐 镱躅骅 蜞赕 磬 箴钼礤 驵眇, 耦溴疰囗 犷泐耠钼耜桴 桎彘. 弱 汶噔睇 沐痤 阮 礼屙弭 礤 镳梓桉 邂疱轳觐 凌犭梃 磬痤潴 如疣桦. 里铌痂翳麇耜桢 桉蝾痂 疣耨赅琨忄 钺 桴 钺疣龛, 觐蝾痤 磬麒磬弪 疣琊篪屙 琨麇耜桴 桎铍钼 溧痤忄龛 眍忸泐 桁屙, 玎忮瘌噱蝰 耦邃桧屙桢 狃嚓 镳邃耱噔栩咫屐 梵溴轳觐泐 磬痤溧: 阮 徨疱 皴徨 眍忸 驽眍 漕鼽 揉觐忄 蔫眢, 礼屙弭 恹躅滂 玎祗 玎 阮耔羿 .

暑矧耜栝 蝈犟 侨, 磬镨襦眄 磬 襦桎耜铎 耩邃礤邈栾弪耜铎 滂嚯尻蝈 溧蜩痼屐 IV朧 忖., 怆弪 漯邂礤轼彘 忮瘃桢 囡铌痂羿. 项漯钺礤 耢.: Schenke, Gesa .

The Testament of Job (Coptic Fragments) // Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: More Noncanonical Scriptures Eerdmans Publishing, 2013. Vol.1. P.161 .

如忮耱睇 溴螯 耠噔眈觇 痼觐镨皴 XIV朮VIII 忖., 耦溴疰帙桴 侨, 漯邂礤轼 桤 觐蝾瘥 溧蜩痼弪 1381 .

Haralambakis, Maria. The Testament of Job. Text, Narrative and Reception History .

Bloomsbury, Library of Second Temple Studies. 80. 2012. P.183 .

   

弱 钺疣龛, 觐蝾瘥 镳邃耱怏弪 令泐怆屙桢, 耦镳钼铈溧 漕狃钼铍 镳桧蜩屐 耜铕徨 铗赅珙 铗 珏祉 犭嚆. 青 钺疣龛屐 耠邃箦 忸耨蜞龛 磬 沐痤邂 怵噫溴犴 耔, 磬 觐蝾瘥扈 阮 礼屙弭 钿屦骅忄 镱徨潴. 吾 镟蝽桕 镳铖豚怆 漕狃钿弪咫 沐痤邂: 鲥腩祗漯桢 镱赅龛 礼屙弭 犭嚆铗忸疱龛 蝈痫屙桢 阮忄. 龛 镱忮耱怏弪 钺 桴 腓黜铎 扈耱梓羼觐 铒 礤徨耥铎 忸玟龛. 骂珈铈眍, 犷脲 溴蜞朦眍 桉耠邃钼囗桢 蜩镱腩汨麇耜钽 聃钿耱忄 溻篚 囡铌痂纛 镱祛驽 犷朦 箸磬螯 钺 桴 镳铊聃铈溴龛 .

项忮耱 钺 阮忮, 邈 钺疣龛 桉蜩眄铎 令泱, 蝈痫屙梃 耱疣溧龛 忸珥羼屙梃 磬 礤犷, 桤腩驽眄 侨, 猁豚 耦玟囗 耦忮瘌屙眍 桧簋 铛, 麇 徼犭彘耜 觏桡, 疣玷蝈朦眍 铗腓鬣弪 铗 礤 .

义 礤 戾礤, 囡铌痂 礤耦祉屙眍 镱怆 磬 纛痨桊钼囗桢 狍潴 镱觐脲龛 躔桉蜩囗 钺疣玎 镳噔邃眍泐 阮忄 .

锐蝾黜桕 腓蝈疣蝮疣

1.Brock, SebastianP.Testamentum Iobi. Pseudepigrapha Veteris Testamenti Graeca

2. Leiden: Brill, 1967. P.159 .

2.Cimosa, Mario. Comparing LXX Job 4:710 and T.Job 42:48 // Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature. Yearbook 2014. Berlin; New York: de Gruyter, 2004. P.389409 .

3.ClinesD.J. A.Job 1 20. Dallas: Word Books, 1989. CXV + 501p. (The Word Bible Commentary. Vol.17a) .

4.Collins, JohnJ.Structure and Meaning in the Testament of Job // Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers. Cambridge, 1974. Vol.1. P.325355 .

5.Currie, Stuart Dickson. 揝peaking in Tongues: Early Evidence outside the New Testament Bearing on 揋lossais Lalein // Intertretion. 1965. 19. .274294 .

6.DavilaJ.R.The provenance of the Pseudepigrapha: Jewish, Christian, or other?

Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2005. 282p .

7.Delcor, Mathias. Le Testament de Job, la prire de Nabonide et les traditions targoumiques // Bibel und Qumran: Beitrge zur Erforschung der Beziehungen zwischen Bibel- und Qumranwissenschaft. Berlin: Evangelische Haupt-Bibelgeselschaft,

1968. .5774 .

8.Gruen, William. Seeking a Context for the Testament of Job // Journal for the study of the Pseudepigrapha, 2009. Vol 18. .163179 .

9.Haas, Cees. Job抯 perseverance in the Testament of Job // Studies in the Testament of Job (MSSNTS 66) / ed. Michael Knibb, Pieter van der Horst. Cambridge, 1989 .

P.117154 .

10.Haralambakis, Maria. The Testament of Job. Text, Narrative and Reception History. Bloomsbury, Library of Second Temple Studies, 80. 2012. 239p .

义铍钽..伢觐

11.Horst, PieterW.Images of woman in the Testament of Job // Studies in the Testament of Job (MSSNTS 66) / ed. Michael Knibb, Pieter van der Horst .

Cambridge, 1989. P.94116 .

12.James, Montague Rhode. The Testament of Job // Apocrypha anecdota II. Texts and studies V / ed. J.Armitage Robinson. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1897 .

P.Lxxii朿ii, 10437 .

13.McDowell, Markus. Prayers of Jewish Women. Studies of Patterns of Prayer in the Second Temple Period. Mohr Siebeck, 2006. 277p .

14.Papadaki-Oekland, Stella. Byzantine Illuminated Manuscripts of the Book of Job:

A Preliminary Study of the Miniature Illustrations, Its Origin and Development. Athens:

Brepols Publishers, 2009 .

15.Philonenko, M.Le Testament de Job. Introduction, traduction et notes. Additum:

Une nouvelle version copte du Testament de Job // Semitica. 1968. Vol.18. P.175 .

16.Rahnenfhrer, Dankwart. Das Testament des Hiob und das Neue Testament // Zeitschrift fr die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. 1971. 62. .6893 .

17.Rieler, Paul. Altjdische Schriften auerhalb der Bibel. Augsburg: Dr. Benno Filser Verlag, 1928. 1342p .

18.Schenke, Gesa. The Testament of Job (Coptic Fragments) // Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: More Noncanonical Scriptures / ed. R.Bauckham, J.Davila, A.Panayotov. Eerdmans Publishing, 2013. 808p .

19.Schaller, Berndt. Das Testament Hiobs // Jdische Schriften aus hellenistichrmischer Zeit, 3.3. Gtersloh: Gerd Mohn, 1979. P.301374 .

20.Schaller, Berndt. Das Testament Hiobs und die Septuaginta-bersetzung des Buches Hiob // Biblica. 1980. Vol.61, P.377406 .

21.Spitta, F.Das Testament Hiobs und das Neue Testament // Zur Geschichte und Literatur des Urchristentums. Gttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 1907. Bd. 3. Tl. 2 .

P.139206 .

22.Spittler, RussellP.The Testament of Job // The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha / ed .

JamesH.Charlesworth. New York: Doubleday, 1983. Vol.1. P.829868 .

23.Spittler, RussellP.The Testament of Job: research and interpretation // Studies in the Testament of Job (MSSNTS 66) / ed. Michael Knibb, Pieter van der Horst .

Cambridge, 1989. P.132 .

24.Torrey, Charles Cutler. The Apocryphal Literature: A Brief Introduction. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945. 151p .

25.Zilm, Jenifer. Multi-Coloured like Woven Works: Gender, Ritual Clothing and Prayer with Angels in the Did Sea Scrolls and the Testament of Job // Prayer and Poetry in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature: Essays in Honor of Eileen Schuller. Leiden: Brill, 2012. P.437451 .

138 震桉蜩囗耜铄 黩屙桢 2, 2017 里铌痂翳麇耜铄 噔妁囗桢 阮忄 觐眚尻耱 梵溴轳觐 腓蝈疣蝮瘥 .

Leonid Shulyakov. The Apocryphal Testament of Job in the Context of Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period and from a Christian Perspective .

The article offers a description of the apocryphal Testament of Job. The author of this apocryphal work suggests his own history of the righteous sufferer based on the Book of Job in the Bible. The article covers a wide range of subjects concerning the origins of the apocryphal Testament, its composition, and theological content .

Special attention is paid to the relationship between the Testament of Job and the texts of the New Testament. The article is prepared within the context of dissertation research on the subject 揟he Book of Job in the Time of Hellenism .

Keywords: Testament of Job, Book of Job, apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, intertestamental literature, theology of the New Testament .

Leonid Viktorovich Shulyakov Graduate Student at the Department of Biblical Studies of the Sts. Cyril and Methodius Institute for Post-Graduate Studies (lshulyakov@ gmail.com).

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形蜒壬咽肋 耘呐欣秩 姥盐秩乐冗 盐呐裳衣冗 欣锹纫绒 烂形矣腥翘 "烂形矣腥翘 姥盐秩乐冗" ! 妊椅腥 袜鬣腩 皴朦耜钽 蝮痂珈 蓄耨梃 觐眦 1990- ??? 锐蝾觇 泐耱屣痂桁耱忄 项耱臌 溻铕 彦朦耜栝 蝮痂珈 蜒研,  猁腩 ??? 漤 皴泐漤屐 欣锹纫扰 雅塑咽蚊 矣腥翘 形蜒热 鲤屙溧 漕祛 牮筱臌 泐 彦朦耜桢 泐耱邂 漕爨...

绣鲥礴梃 Die Johannesapokalypse. Kontexte-Konzepte-Rezeption / von J. Frey, J. Kelhoffer, F. Toth, Hrsg. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2012 (wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament; 287). XII + 865 S. 蒡铗 钽痤祉...

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