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6 2018 .

REFLECTIONS ON THE LEGAL NATURE OF SUSPECT DETENTION

AND BRINGING HIM TO AN INVESTIGATION AGENCY

ROSSINSKY Sergey Borisovich DoctorofLaw,AssociateProfessor,ProfessoroftheDepartmentof CriminalProcedureLawoftheKutafinMoscowStateLawUniversity(MSAL) s.rossinskiy@gmail.com 125993,Russia,Moscow,ul.Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya,d.9 Abstract. The article raises the problems of the legal nature of the actual detention and bringing a person to the investigative agency or to the investigator preceding his detention on suspicion of committing a crime in the order prescribed by Ch. 12 of the Criminal Procedure Code .

A systematic analysis of doctrinal sources, provisions of domestic legislation, some normative legal acts of the states that emerged instead of the former Soviet Union, and the European Court of Human Rights jurisprudence allows us to conclude that neither factual detention nor bringing to the investigative agency or investigator can be recognized as objects of criminal procedural regulation because of heterogeneity of corresponding legal relations, as compared with classical public law relations that have been developing in the sphere of criminal justice .

78 8 (141) 2018 . . Moreover, neither factual detention nor bringing to the investigative agency or investigator can be recognized as elements of merely administrative law enforcement activities .

The author comes to the conclusion that the factual detention of a potential suspect and his bringing to the investigative agency or investigator are of complex nature because they are based on the constitutional law provisions and on the inter-branch mechanism, based on the same constitutional law provisions, of restricting the individuals right to freedom and personal integrity, including administrative, operational-search, penitentiary and other aspects .

Dealing with actual detention and bringing to the investigative agency or investigator in the constitutional law and inter-branch contexts should result in the formation of a sole mechanism for the implementation of these powers in various forms of jurisdictional activity by various law enforcement agencies .

At the same time, this will facilitate leveling and reconsideration of many problems of theory and practice of criminal justice maturing for years, namely: issues concerning the moment of factual detention, appointing a counsel for the detained person, the legal nature of so-called civil detention, etc .

Keywords: suspect detention, actual detention, bringing to the investigative agency or investigator, administrative detention, measures of criminal procedure compulsion, right to freedom and integrity of a person, subject of the criminal procedural regulations, criminal and procedural legal relationship, subject of administrative law regulation, criminal-procedural form .

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